What is Tongue-Tie?
There is a small band, called the frenulum, below the tonue that attaches your tongue to the floor of the mouth. If the frenulum is short or tight it prevents the tongue from moving well, the tongue may not be able to protrude past the lips, may have a heart shape when stuck out, may not be able to touch the roof of the mouth, may have difficulty moving side to side.
What problems does tongue tie cause?
In infants failure to move the tongue adequately can cause feeding difficulties, problems latching on, painful breastfeeding. In older children and adults, tongue tie can cause speech problems, especially articulation of l, r, t, d, n, th, sh, and z sounds. The tongue may able to compensate and there is no guarantee that infants with tongue tie will have speech difficulties later.
How is tongue tie treated?
Tongue-tie surgery is a simple procedure. For very young infants (less than six-weeks-old), it may be done in the physician’s office. General anesthesia may be recommended when surgery is performed on older children. Surgery entails dividing the band (frenulum).